Contact

Aber Valley Heritage Museum
Gwern Avenue
Senghenydd
CF83 4HA
Tel: 02920 830445
E-mail:  senghen.heritage@btconnect.com

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World War I timeline

Main events of the First World War that 'would be over be Christmas' dragged on for four long years of bloody stalemate.

1914  Germany invades Belgium.  Britain declares war on Germany.  Japan joins the Allied forces: Ottoman Empire soon joins the Central Powers.  War spreads to the seas.

1915  Women take up men's jobs.  Stalemate continues on the Western Front.  The Lusitania passenger liner is sunk, with 1,200 lives lost.  London attacked from the air by German Zeppelins.

1916  Conscription for men aged between 18 and 41.  A million casualties in ten months: Germany aims to 'bleed France white'.  At sea the Battle of Jutland takes place. Armed uprisings in Dublin: the Irish Republic is proclaimed.

1917 German Army retreats to the Hindenburg Line.  United States joins the war and assists the Allies.  Tank, submarine and gas warfare
intensifies.  Royal family change their surname to Windsor to appear more British.

1918  Germany launches major offensive on the Western Front. Allies launch successful counter-offensives at the Marne and Amiens.  Armistice signed on November 11, ending the war at 11am.  In Britain, a coalition government is elected and women over 30 succeed in gaining the vote.

Map showing WW1 Theatre of War

World War I 1914 - to 1918

 

PASSCHENDAELE (THIRD BATTLE OF YPRES)

A typical act of bravery took place on 17th August 1917 when Sgt Gilbert Lloyd, (Senghenydd), South Wales Borderers who, together with five others soldiers, held an isolated position until his battalion had been relieved and then brought out their wounded whilst still under fire.

He was awarded the MM at a local ceremony held on “The Rec” in August 19, 1919.  At this same ceremony where the villagers turned out in their thousands to see Colonel H E Morgan Lindsay, CB, DSO award the decorations to Sgt Lloyd and the men and also to the families of those Killed in Action (KIA). All listed below.

Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM)   Military Medal (MM)

Cpl. Tom Locke Sapper Robert Jackson

Pte. William Higgs Bdr. H C Fleet

Dvr. R G Taylor

Gnr. David Davies

Sgt. King Humphries

Pte. Syd Edwards

 

Distinguished Conduct Medal Military Cross (MC)

Sgt. T H Brown (KIA) Lt. J A Roberts(KIA)

(accepted by his wife) (accepted by his father)

Photo of Sgt Gilbert Lloyd

 

Wounded on three occasions before winning the MM in 1917.  Became a

 

Lieutenant in Home Guard, Aber and

and Senghenydd Platoon 1940-46.

Secretary of local Ex-Servicemen’s

Club for over 50 years.