Aber Valley Heritage Museum
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A List of Events on 14th of October 1913 at Universal Colliery, Senghenydd.

6.00am - 945 men and boys descended pit for start of day shift

8.10am - Explosion in Colliery –Lancaster Pit Cage crashes through headgear

9.30am - Work starts on clearing shaft

9.30am - First Survivors brought up

10.30am - First Rescue Brigade Car arrives from Rhymney Valley

11.00am - Porth Rescue Brigade arrives, followed shortly by Cars from Aberdare and Crumlin

11.00am - Orderly evacuation of pit from York Pit

2.00pm - All 489 from York Pit brought up

2.00pm - Chief Inspector of Mines arrives and first official statement made to press

3.00pm - Lord Merthyr, pit owner arrives

5.30pm - Chief Inspector R.A.S. Redmayne and Dr. Atkinson arrive

Evening Time 4000 people cram Senghenydd

8.30pm - W.T. Rees, Managing Director of Company issues statement

9.00pm - Mines Inspectors Greenland Davies and PT Jenkins discover fresh air entering Heading No. 1 giving rise to hopes that Bottanic District may not have been affected by fire.

9.45pm - Rescue party descend pit to investigate Bottanic District

11.00pm - Men found alive (18 in total and brought to surface)

Bargoed Rescue Brigade

William (Job) Williams and Ben Rees (Back row L-R)

Tom Griffiths, George Gregory, Charles Williams, W.T. Reynolds and Cm. Kitto, Supt (Front row L-R)


A typical act of bravery took place on 17th August 1917 when Sgt Gilbert Lloyd, (Senghenydd), South Wales Borderers who, together with five others soldiers, held an isolated position until his battalion had been relieved and then brought out their wounded whilst still under fire.

He was awarded the MM at a local ceremony held on “The Rec” in August 19, 1919.  At this same ceremony where the villagers turned out in their thousands to see Colonel H E Morgan Lindsay, CB, DSO award the decorations to Sgt Lloyd and the men and also to the families of those Killed in Action (KIA). All listed below.

Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM)   Military Medal (MM)

Cpl. Tom Locke Sapper Robert Jackson

Pte. William Higgs Bdr. H C Fleet

Dvr. R G Taylor

Gnr. David Davies

Sgt. King Humphries

Pte. Syd Edwards


Distinguished Conduct Medal Military Cross (MC)

Sgt. T H Brown (KIA) Lt. J A Roberts(KIA)

(accepted by his wife) (accepted by his father)

Photo of Sgt Gilbert Lloyd


Wounded on three occasions before winning the MM in 1917.  Became a


Lieutenant in Home Guard, Aber and

and Senghenydd Platoon 1940-46.

Secretary of local Ex-Servicemen’s

Club for over 50 years.