Just up from the Windsor starts Senghenydd, its name adopted from the ancient Lordship of Senghenydd.

In some valleys it would be difficult to say where one village ends and another starts, but possibly because Senghenydd (at the end of the valley) was founded slightly before Abertridwr (nearer to Caerphilly), the two met at the Windsor Hotel.

The history of the Aber Valley could be considered one of the saddest of any colliery in the British coalfields. In 1901 a disaster caused the deaths of 81 men and boys. Twelve years later, on the morning of 14th October 1913 explosions ripped through the mine 440 miners were killed in the blast the highest death toll in any single mining disaster. Senghenydd mine closed in 1928. A memorial was erected in 1981 to serve as a reminder of some of the cost of the Industrial Revolution.

Senghenydd - place name origin

(orginally from the name Sangan + the suffix "ydd")

The place name comes, in all likelyhood from 'land or territory associated with Sangan' and the suffix 'ydd' is often used following a personal name in Welsh to indicate that the land belongs to this person e.g. 'Meirionydd' or 'Eifionydd'.

The name refers to the 'cantref' or hundred that stretched from Whitchurch to Merthyr Tydfil.

A hundred was an area of land supposedly containing one hundred commots, or settlements.

The name appears in many different forms over the centuries, including 'Seinhenit' (c1179), 'Seighenith' (c1194), 'Seynghenyth' (1271), 'Senghenyth' (1314), 'Seynthenneth' (1476), 'Seignhenith Suptus et Supra Cayach' (1578-84).

It is possibly the spelling of 'Seint Genith' in 1326 has led to many believing that the name comes from 'Saint Cenydd' and the local church and comprehensive school have taken this name, as has the nearby 20th century settlement of 'Trecenydd'.


A typical act of bravery took place on 17th August 1917 when Sgt Gilbert Lloyd, (Senghenydd), South Wales Borderers who, together with five others soldiers, held an isolated position until his battalion had been relieved and then brought out their wounded whilst still under fire.

He was awarded the MM at a local ceremony held on “The Rec” in August 19, 1919.  At this same ceremony where the villagers turned out in their thousands to see Colonel H E Morgan Lindsay, CB, DSO award the decorations to Sgt Lloyd and the men and also to the families of those Killed in Action (KIA). All listed below.

Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM)   Military Medal (MM)

Cpl. Tom Locke Sapper Robert Jackson

Pte. William Higgs Bdr. H C Fleet

Dvr. R G Taylor

Gnr. David Davies

Sgt. King Humphries

Pte. Syd Edwards


Distinguished Conduct Medal Military Cross (MC)

Sgt. T H Brown (KIA) Lt. J A Roberts(KIA)

(accepted by his wife) (accepted by his father)

Photo of Sgt Gilbert Lloyd


Wounded on three occasions before winning the MM in 1917.  Became a


Lieutenant in Home Guard, Aber and

and Senghenydd Platoon 1940-46.

Secretary of local Ex-Servicemen’s

Club for over 50 years.